How to Grow Celery in the Home Garden

Growing celery in the home garden provides crunchy snacks and flavor for homemade soups and stews. Celery will provide a harvest – both leaves and stems – for months (or even a couple of years) making it a worthwhile addition to your garden plans.

Swiss chard is another great vegetable to grow in containers that will provide a long harvest season.

Originally published in May 2019; this post has been updated.

freshly harvest stalks of celery in a wire trug basket, yellow boots behind.

Introduction to Growing Celery

Crunchy green celery is a familiar vegetable to most of us, but it seems like it’s not commonly planted in backyard gardens. I’m here to change that! I love having celery growing in my garden both for its usefulness in cooking and its sheer beauty. It grows one-to-two feet tall and the celery leaves are beautiful foliage. It’s a great addition to front yard gardens.

Celery Varieties

There are not a lot of common named varieties of celery. Unlike crops like tomatoes and beans that come in more colors and options than you can count, you won’t be faced with such daunting decisions when growing celery.

  • Conquistador tolerates more heat than some varieties.
  • Tango has less fibrous stalks than Conquistador, and some say a better flavor.
  • Chinese pink celery will give you something to talk about with its pretty stalks.

celery growing in a garden

How to Plant Celery

Celery seedlings aren’t commonly available at garden centers, so you’ll probably have to grow it from seed. Celery should be started from seed 10-12 weeks before the average last frost date for spring planting.

For a fall harvest, start seed during the summer, 10-12 weeks before the first fall frost. Soaking seeds overnight before planting them can improve germination. Celery seeds are small and are best sprinkled onto seed starter mix and gently pressed into the soil; there’s no need to cover the seeds.

Plant seedlings out in the garden when the soil reaches 50 degrees and nighttime temps remain above 40. Allow about 10″ between plants, adding mulch around the base of each plant to help retain moisture.

If (like mine) your climate allows you to direct sow celery, I’ve had good luck with broadcasting seeds over a fresh layer of compost.

Requirements for Growing Celery

Celery is best planted in the spring or fall; it doesn’t do well in the heat of the summer. It takes 130-140 days to mature; plan your planting accordingly, so that it matures before the weather becomes unbearably hot. This is not a good option for veggie gardens facing drought conditions.

Water Requirements

Celery is a thirsty crop that demands regular water. Without it, it can become stringy and hollow. Still edible, certainly, but not lovely.

Soil Requirements

Plant celery in nutrient-rich soil — it’s a heavy feeder. Add a side-dressing of compost near the base of the plants every three weeks or so.

Combating Pests and Other Problems

Homegrown celery needs a consistent source of water or the stalks will grow hollow. All that moisture, though, is a siren call for slugs and snails who like to hide in the tightly clumped stalks.

celery plant in a garden with words, "how to grow celery."

How to Grow Celery in Containers

Celery is shallow-rooted, and perfectly suited to container gardening. Choose a container that’s about 10″-to-18″ inches in diameter. A pot on the smaller end of this spectrum is large enough for one or two celery plants. Choose a large one and you can grow three or four.

Fill your container with rich soil. If you use a potting mix, incorporate some good-quality compost. Transplant seedlings or direct sow seeds following the guidelines above.

harvesting celery with scissors at the base of the plant

Harvesting Celery

This veggie is one that fits in the “cut and come again” category. Commercial growers harvest the entire plant, cutting it off at the base. Home gardeners can harvest from a single celery crop as long as the plant doesn’t succumb to hot weather. In my mild climate, I can grow and harvest celery in this manner all season long.

It’s easy to pop out to the garden and snip off several stalks as needed for recipes. This makes for less waste, too, since you’ll harvest just what you need. No celery going limp in the produce bin!

To harvest celery, use scissors to snip off the mature stalks on the outer portion of the plant. Take just what you need for your recipe and leave the rest of the plant in place; new stalks will continue to emerge. To harvest celery at the end of its season, use a sharp knife to cut the entire plant away from the roots.

close up of fresh celery in a garden

Wintering Over

Celery is a biennial. In zones 5-6 and above, celery can be wintered over.

Using Celery

I’ve found that my homegrown celery has great flavor, but can tend toward being a bit tough for fresh eating. Which really? Is fine with me because while I use celery in recipes a lot, I rarely eat it raw.

Celery is an ingredient in the holy trinity and mirepoix. These cooking terms refer to combinations of vegetables used as a base in so many recipes. The holy trinity is commonly used in Cajun food and features celery, onions, and bell pepper. A mirepoix is often used as a base for soups and includes celery, onions, and carrots.

Are Celery Leaves Edible?

Absolutely! They’re flavorful and nutritious and it would be silly to discard them. I tend to use the entire stalk all at once, chopping everything to add to recipes. If you have a recipe that would be weird with celery leaves in it (though I’m not sure what that would be), remove the leaves from the stalk and save them for another recipe.

celery in a basket

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About the author: Kris Bordessa is an award-winning National Geographic author and a certified Master Food Preserver. Read more about Kris and how she got started with this site here. If you want to send Kris a quick message, you can get in touch here.

17 comments… add one
  • Pat Ahonen Oct 6, 2022 @ 7:13

    Does celery “bolt”? Maybe I am just unobservant or maybe planted too late and never got to the end of the growing season for celery, but I never saw a seed. I love growing celery and love the ideas for freezing. I do that with rhubarb and other things but never thought about celery. Had a TERRIBLE garden year. Dear ate everything while I was on a one week vacation. This will NOT happen next year. I have a plan.

    • Kris Bordessa Oct 7, 2022 @ 17:28

      Celery is a biennial, so it won’t put out seeds until its second year. Good to have a plan! 🙂

  • Christine Nikola Oct 5, 2020 @ 20:33

    Hi I get your facebook posts – many thanks for trhe info & your energy. I use celery leaves in my green smoothy daily & just been advised by sister inlaw – ex Home Ec teacher celery is #1 on a 1-5 poison scale. I can’t find anything to confirm this – your input would be very appreciated. Thanks Chris Nikola

    • Kris Bordessa Oct 6, 2020 @ 7:44

      I’ve never heard this. I googled and found this reference:

    • J-Joy Feb 6, 2022 @ 14:56

      @christinanikola home grown/organic celery very nutritious- commercial growers spray toxins to prevent bugs destroying their crops which is where the poison rating originates

      • AttainableSustainable Feb 8, 2022 @ 7:19

        Homegrown foods are always a great way to make sure they’re free of sprays!

  • Gina Apr 16, 2020 @ 9:59

    My celery returned voluntarily. I am excited to try it again this year. Thanks for the tips

  • Nancy Apr 8, 2020 @ 7:12

    My celery came back this year voluntarily. I am excited and committed to doing a better job of using it this year. Thanks for all the great tips here.

  • Lia Feb 17, 2020 @ 2:12

    As I grow the celeries in the country and I stay in town for the winter, I took the celeries
    (4 pcs) out of their bed and put them in pots, on my kitchen windowsill. I take the leaves when I need them…

  • agromy Jan 4, 2020 @ 15:02

    Never thought about freezing it !! great idea !

  • Rose Felton Aug 25, 2019 @ 7:31

    I normally cut off the leaves, freeze them and then throw them in when making bone broth. A couple weeks ago when I used the last of a bunch of celery I cut the stalks off about 1-2 inches from the base, took it outside and planted it in the garden. I have leaves popping up from it. I just planted another one a couple days ago. Lets see how this one does!

  • Lee May 23, 2019 @ 3:49

    You forgot to mention the seeds and all their worth,

    • Kris Bordessa May 23, 2019 @ 15:45

      Ah, true!

  • Pat R May 22, 2019 @ 22:23

    I chop and freeze the celery for winter consumption. I use a sheet pan, then when frozen place in zip lock. It allows me to grab a handful. I dry the leaves separately, after they are dry I place in zip lock gallon bags and crush when I use them (soups, stews, etc). These stay in the cupboard with a bag of desiccant. I have done this for years.

    • Kris Bordessa May 23, 2019 @ 15:46

      I have some in my freezer right now!

      • Milly Rasch Jan 10, 2021 @ 5:39

        Hi there please help what is the cause for my celery leaves going yellow

        • Kris Bordessa Jan 25, 2021 @ 12:05

          Have you tried a side dressing of compost?

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