Growing a Garden: How Much Should You Plant? 57


One of the primary reasons I garden is to fill my pantry with canned fruits and vegetables that are free of bpa and pesticides. Of all the different things I preserve, tomatoes are far and away the most-used ingredient in my household; it seems I’m constantly pulling a jar of some sort of tomato product or another out of the pantry. It makes sense that growing tomatoes to stock my larder is top of my garden to-do list.

Growing tomatoes (or Roma tomatoes) in my garden is a priority for me. Knowing how much to plant of your family's favorite vegetables will help in garden planning.

 

Growing tomatoes

Since tomatoes are the crop I like to grow the most of, let’s take a look at what makes sense for my family. Obviously, a single tomato plant won’t suffice.Past experience in a hot summer region leads me to believe that a single tomato plant can yield as much as 20-30 pounds per season. Since I’m gardening in a region that’s notorious for being hard to grow tomatoes in, let’s assume I can get 10-15 pounds of tomatoes from each plant. (Note: this differs from the chart below. I’m using numbers that I’ve seen in my own garden.)

In a year’s time, my family of four (myself and three grown men) will eat:

  • 26 quarts of pizza sauce (in 52 pint sized jars)
  • 23 quarts of marinara sauce
  • 35 quarts of salsa (I use salsa in chili recipes and Mexican dishes in addition to snacking)

That’s 84 quarts of tomatoes (more or less, as there will be other ingredients tossed in with the tomatoes). It takes about 21 pounds of tomatoes to yield seven quarts of crushed tomatoes, which is a full canner load. [source] So for the sake of mathematics, that’s about three pounds of tomatoes per quart jar. In order to stock my pantry with the tomato products we eat regularly, I’ll need to grow 252 pounds of tomatoes (Roma tomatoes are meatier). That means I’ll need between 17-25 tomato plants in order to accommodate my family’s needs. Since growing tomatoes is a priority for my family, I’ll make sure to get enough planted.

What to plant for your family

Every household differs, of course. Knowing what produce your family loves (and what they’ll only tolerate!) will help you decide what and how much to plant. Questions to ask yourself when figuring out how much your family would use:

  • Will we eat this vegetable fresh from the garden?
  • Do we use this vegetable frequently in cooking? Or in baking?
  • Will we pickle or preserve or ferment this vegetable for winter storage?
  • How much would we like to share with neighbors and friends?

Vegetable garden yields

Knowing the approximate yield of vegetable crops will help you determine how much of each crop to plant. (Approximate because there are so many variables, from local conditions to plant varieties.)

Yield (in pounds) per ten foot row.

  • Beets – 10 pounds (roots)
  • Bush beans – 8 pounds
  • Broccoli – 7 pounds
  • Carrots – 10 pounds
  • Cucumbers – 12 pounds
  • Eggplant – 7 pounds
  • Green onions – 10 pounds
  • Kale – 7 pounds
  • Lettuce (leaf) – 5 pounds
  • Melon – 10 melons
  • Onions – 10 pounds
  • Peas (snap) – 2 pounds
  • Squash (summer) – 20 pounds
  • Tomatoes – 15 pounds
  • Peppers – 5 pounds
  • Turnips – 5 pounds (roots)

Source: Planting a Successful Home Vegetable Garden, Montana State University

More to read about growing food

 


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57 thoughts on “Growing a Garden: How Much Should You Plant?

  • Melanie @ Frugal Kiwi

    You seem to be saying that the 60 plants I had for the two of us and some chickens might have been a couple too many… Ah well, the chooks were fat, happy and filled with tomato goodness!

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      Au contraire! If you’ve got room for 60 tomato plants, I say go for it! I’ve definitely planted that many in the past, but find myself in the position of having to get by with a bare minimum. And that may not leave much for my chickens!

      • Melanie @ Frugal Kiwi

        It was INSANELY too many, but most of them were cherries and we snacked on them all day long, plus the chooks ate as many as they wanted all day long too. If it’d been 60 plants of full-sized tomatoes, I shudder to think.

    • Melissa

      You could try for the most popular neighbor of the year award. Homegrown tomatoes are highly prized in my neighborhood.

  • merr

    This is so great. We have been talking and talking about getting a tomato plant and the question was how many?? I always hear that people can’t seem to give away tomatoes fast enough, but they are always the ones that have 5 or 6 plants. So, nice to see a post on how to know when enoughs enough!

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      If you’ve never done it before, even ONE is a great start. It will keep you in tomatoes all summer long. But if you’ve got room, it’s easy enough to plant a few – you can always donate the excess to your local food bank.

  • Sheryl K

    My very favorite moment is when I visit with a friend or neighbor with a lot of tomato plants and he/she “unloads” her bounty my way. There is nothing as delicious as tomatoes from the garden. Yours look fabulous…wish you were my neighbor 🙂

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      One of the reasons I plant to excess when space allows is so that I can share my bounty!

  • MyKidsEatSquid

    I remember canning with my mom. I wish I were a decent gardener so I could can my own produce. I’m going to keep reading–maybe you can help me become a better gardener.

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      Stick around, Squid! You CAN grow your own produce.

  • Alisa Bowman

    You can never eat enough tomatoes as far as I am concerned. I look forward to learning how to preserve them.

  • Dirt2dinner

    We have to have enough sun-dried tomatoes to get through the winter and spring here in Northern California, so I plant 10-12 ‘Principe Borghese’ determinate tomato plants early in the season. Another two or three early variety tomato plants are dedicated to homemade ketchup (24 lbs of tomatoes for 6 pint jars.) Four plants for fresh eating (‘Red Zebra,’ ‘Cherokee Purple,’ ‘Yellow Brandywine,’ and ‘Paul Robeson’ this year. And another 10-12 plants will go in once it’s really warmed up for sauce tomatoes. That ought to hold us. 😉

      • mamcast

        Can you post the ketchup recipe? I grew up on homemade ketchup and want to try and make it myself this year. I have 11 tomato plants for just me and to share

  • Attainable Sustainable

    Barbara Lampshire Anderson: Barbara, that’s my general philosophy! (But space prevents me from getting carried away these days.)

  • Dirt to Dinner - Julianne Idleman

    I think I’m holding steady at about 30 plants or so. We have to have enough sun-dried tomatoes to get through the winter and spring here in Northern California, so I plant 10-12 ‘Principe Borghese’ determinate tomato plants early in the season. Another two or three early variety tomato plants are dedicated to homemade ketchup (24 lbs of tomatoes for 6 pint jars.) Four plants for fresh eating (‘Red Zebra,’ ‘Cherokee Purple,’ ‘Yellow Brandywine,’ and ‘Paul Robeson’ this year.) And another 10-12 plants will go in once it’s really warmed up for sauce tomatoes. That ought to hold us. 😉

  • Kate Harle

    Yey for tomato math, this year i am saving seed from the heirloom varieties i purchased, i did not get as many tomatoes as i wanted but i really need to learn how to can before next season because like you i want to quit buying tinned tomatoes

  • Kelli Ploeger Hinn

    fun numbers, thanks! Im just about to plant- hopefully I can get to it tomorrow or wednesday. Friends got us canning jars for our wedding and life has been to hectic to fill most of them. Planning a canning garden this year and taking notes. By the way- do you have estimates on how long fresh lids are good for? I know they arent supposed to be reused, but if theyve been 2 summers in a hot house, are they any less likely to seal?

  • Attainable Sustainable

    Kelli Ploeger Hinn: I LOVE that you got canning jars for your wedding. As for jar lids, I’m no expert but I’ve used lids (new) that I’ve had in storage for a couple of years, anyway.

    • Brandy

      I recently saw bpa free Kerr and Ball brand lids at my regular grocery store.  (It was at WINCO in Arizona)

  • SarahB

    We grow tomatoes and we struggle; it’s so hot and dry here that the last few years not much grows until September. I have 10 varieties of tomato seeds this year and my husband says I always go overboard in the number of plants I choose compared to the limited space we have. Oh well, I’ll just make it work! I haven’t canned before but I want to try this year. 

    • Attainable Sustainable

      Sarah, my husband always told me I went overboard. Some ladies lie about buying clothes, some lie about how many tomato plants they have. 😉 Now that I’m in a smaller space, I’m forced to use restraint. I’m also trying upside-down tomatoes to take advantage of unused space. We’ll see how that goes!

      • Uturn

        How did your upside down tomatoes fare? Im going to do some this year to add space and structure and beauty to the garden.  Ive seen some mixed reviews.  Any learnings?

      • Dianna

        Upside down tomatoes are awesome! I’m thinking of planting my beans at the base of my upside-downers this year, so the beans can use the tomato stalks as a trellis.

  • Attainable Sustainable

    Roz Kidd: Roz, BPA in canning lids is a huge problem, IMO. Tattler lids (not sure why I can’t tag them) are the only BPA lids I’ve found – but they’re *plastic. Much as I love the idea of BPA free lids, I don’t trust that the plastic leads aren’t leaching something else that’s terrible for us. Weck Jars are all glass but expensive.

    I feel that canning in glass – even with the BPA lids – is a better option that purchasing cans. The glass jars sit upright and don’t have contact with the lids at all once processing is complete. It’s an imperfect solution…

  • Kelli Ploeger Hinn

    recent article said some BPA free plastics are still releasing hormone like other compounds. I agree with the upright/lower contact surface/ its better than nothing

  • Brette

    Considering I’ve never managed to keep more than a couple of plants alive on my deck, you seem very adventurous to me! My solution is to bring home tomatoes from the CSA!

  • Jeff

    I usually grow two plants. A Better Boy, and a San Diego. From those two plants I average over 150 pounds of tomatoes in a season. If had room I would grow more varieties.

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      That’s a LOT of tomatoes from just two plants! 

  • Joy

    Would you consider sharing your recipes for canning salsa, pizza and marinara sauces?? Thx

  • Kathy

    I’m going to need to plant loads of tomatoes…. my older daughter eats them like apples, and will eat 4-5 a day when they are in season. The little one “sneaks” the cherry tomatoes. Thanks for helping with the math.

  • Bean

    My fiancé and I canned last year for the first time together, everyone thinks we are nuts.  We need to plant 65 tomato plants and 40 pepper plants to get our family to December.   Now that we have canned our own, store bought won’t do. I’ve learned so much in the past 4 hours reading your site, thank you!

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      That little “tink” of each jar sealing is a little addictive, isn’t it!??

  • Algonquin

    Hoo boy, I’m in trouble as I have planted nearly 100 plants from seed, in my zeal to use my new grow light; I planted about 48 San Marzano plum and 18 Heritage Beefsteak, plus some early tomatoes for cold climates and Sweetie 100 cherry…

    My Amish neighbours have inspired me to make everything from scratch and I got a canner last year (the beans were well worth the work). But it is just hubby and I here full time and even with the chili sauce I make for my parents every summer, homemade ketchup and salsa, I better start collecting more recipes : ) Or I do like the idea of giving some to the food bank in my little town, or even some of the seedlings to folks who don’t have much in their gardens.

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      Oh, San Marzanos are good! I say, if you have room and you love to grow them, do it! You’ll use what you can and the rest will be greatly appreciated by your food bank and neighbors. As for another recipe, you should totally try this: http://www.attainable-sustainable.net/recipe-tomato-chutney. It is SO good!

  • Amber

    I’m attempting another year to grow tomatoes. Failed for the past 3, but we moved to a different state. What kinds of tomatoes do you suggest for the different sauces (pizza, marinara, ketchup), also do you make your own tomato sauce/paste? I’d like to start canning my own, but I don’t use fresh tomatoes for anything, only the canned sauce/paste, kinda overwhelmed and not sure where to start. 

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      If you’re planning to do a lot of sauces, choose a Roma tomato. Sometimes they’re called paste tomatoes. There are a lot of varieties to choose from, but just focus on the paste tomato part for now. These tomatoes are more fleshy and have fewer seeds/juice so they make a nice thick sauce. Good luck! 

      • purposefulorg

        These are also good for drying with dehydrator or sun…then eating all year, in oil with garlic, etc.

  • Robert Erickson

    Great article and links. For those who have never grown tomatoes and are a little fearful, give it a try. Tomatoes do well in containers (use bigger containers- about 5 gallon ones). Start with a healthy plant from a garden center rather than seed. They need sun, water and occasional feeding. Besides the obvious benefit discussed in the article, you can open the door to a whole world of new tastes and textures. Most grocery stores only carry three or four commercially grown varieties (none of which are developed for taste). Garden centers usually carry a dozen or so varieties that grow well in your area. Seed catalogs often list over 100 varieties. It is harder to grow tomatoes from seed but your choices are much greater. If you do not have space for even a container garden, visit your local farmer’s market and see what fresh locally grown taste is all about.

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      As a new grower, I always started with plants rather than seeds. Just in the past five years or so have I delved into seed starting. They are actually pretty easy to get started; for me the harder thing is *timing it – getting the plants to be garden ready at just the right moment. 

  • Mondo

    I have 26 tomato plants growing. This is my first time growing, so I’m excited to see how many tomatoes the plants will produce. 😀

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      You’ll have to report back at the end of the season. I suspect you’ll have plenty!

  • des

    I have more than one hundred plants and it is not enough… Some get sick, some get insects and some only give 1 or 2 fruits. So by all means put more !

    • Kris Bordessa Post author

      I say more is always better!

  • Joanne Tipler

    Hi, I also grow as many tomatoes as is humanly possible. I sell plants in May and pounds and pounds of tomatoes during the summer with my business. Everyone loves tomatoes. I also put them up, dehydrate them and freeze them. I ran out of pizza sauce a couple of months ago, bought local hydroponic tomatoes to make more sauce, they’re just not the same. I’m on our last jar of salsa and chutney right now – sad to say. It irks me to buy sauces. I’ll make more this year. I also give sauces as Christmas gifts, the kids in their 20s love this. I grow about 150-200 plants of various types – yellow pear, green zebra, red boar, red cherry, green cherry, black cherry, black plum, anna’s heart, large heirlooms – but mostly paste tomatoes. I also save my own seeds, mostly, but I always end up buying more seeds when I’m shopping for garden supplies (sigh). There certainly could be worse addictions, I keep telling my very patient husband.

    • Erich

      I’m envious. My partner has had to learn to be patient, but we live in a condo. Someday I’ll have a yard *sigh*.

  • Victoria Bower

    We’ve had unusually dry hot weather in Western Washington State this year, with hot dry ind coming up in the ft enroll, like California. It has been a very different kind of year in our gardens.

  • Aimee

    I usually grow between 16-24 tomato plants and every year is so so so different. This past summer we had record high temperatures and drought and while I had shade covers on them and watered more, they still suffered and were all over the place as far as productivity. As we all know, it may seem like a lot but when they are seeded and such, it takes a ton more, especially if like me you’re making marinara out of a lot of it! But this year we definitely have decided to shrink the amount of veggies we grow “hardcore” down to just tomatoes, peppers, onions and potatoes so that we can have more of the basics. We put garlic in the pepper beds since they usually are harvested about planting time, and have pots for our greens, but carrots we have decided we’ll get at the farmers markets in bulk or at my husband’s natural grocer where he works and we have a 20% off discount 🙂 Although we’ll see as I just love love love pulling carrots from the ground…sigh!

  • Kate Sansoni

    My husband and I live in a mobile home, but I have room out back for three nice raised bed boxes. Last years crop of tomatoes was not good due to the crazy weather we had in Southern California. Wind and rain in spring followed by blistering hot days. I lost many tomatoes to cracking and rot, plus plundering by critters. The plants did not yield well despite my organic diligence.
    With my limited space I plant what I have room for and hope for the best!

  • Dianna

    We love tomatoes, and grow about 20 plants each year. Tennessee is great for tomatoes! However, we grow for the variety and flavors rather than yield expectations. I’d love to learn how to can and preserve our garden bounty so that we can enjoy it in the winter.