Planning to keep chickens for the first time? Check out my suggestions for some surprising must-have chicken coop supplies to keep your hens happy, healthy, and safe.
And read about the mistakes I made when I first started keeping chickens, to save yourself some headache.
Keeping chickens is not hard. But there are certainly some things you learn along the way when you do. Case in point? What chicken coop supplies you’ll need. There are some basic poultry supplies that are obvious, like chicken feed and bedding, but beyond that there are some little oddities that I always keep in my coop.
Chicken Coop Supplies You Might Not Think Of
It might sound like a bizarre thing to keep in a chicken coop, but I use mine all the time. While some of my girls are friendly enough to pick up, others are a bit on the wild side. If I need to catch them during daylight hours for any reason, a fishing net makes quick work of it. It works for ducks, too.
Hot tip: Be gentle when extracting the chicken from the net. Their feet and wings can get caught.
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We live on an island where there are copious amounts of wild fruit. Lovely for foraging, but this abundance also means that rats tend to think they’re living on easy street.
Even if you don’t live in an area that’s quite so friendly for rats, scattered chicken feed will eventually draw them. I keep a couple of different types of rat traps in the coop so that I can set them as soon as I see signs of an invasion.
Hot tip: Place your chicken feeders some distance from their nesting boxes if you can. This keeps rats from calling your coop home, and keeps them from so readily finding eggs and baby chicks. (Yes, we’ve had rats attack chicks, so this is at the top of my must-have chicken supplies list.)
Live trap for larger animals
In my case, this means mongoose. Mongoose were imported to Hawaii to help control the rat population (see above). The only problem? The brilliant people who devised this plan neglected to note that while rats are nocturnal, mongoose are not.
During daylight hours, mongoose sneak and snarl their way into nest boxes and chicken runs taking both eggs and live chicks. Catching them live requires the willingness to dispatch them once trapped. Traps like these can work for raccoons, opossums, and skunks, too.
If you hope to relocate them instead of dispatching, be sure you know your counties laws on rehoming wild animals.
Hot tip: If you know you have a skunk problem and put a trap out for them, be sure to devise a plan for disposing the live skunk without getting sprayed.
Diatomaceous Earth (DE)
When I had a big mite outbreak, I used diatomaceous earth (along with a number of other tactics, as I share here) to help get the infestation under control. On a more regular basis, though, I sprinkle it into nest boxes as a preventative measure.
When the hens settle into a box, they’ll kick some of the DE into their belly feathers making them inhospitable to bugs. I also sprinkle diatomaceous earth inside their coop and on their roosts once in awhile.
Hot tip: Always use food grade diatomaceous earth and avoid breathing the dust as you scatter it. I use this as a natural pest control in my garden, too.
I use scissors in the coop for cutting open bedding and straw bales, but also for clipping wings. When I discover that one of my girls has been escaping, the time to clip her wings is immediately. Having scissors on hand makes that easier to do.
Hot tip: Tie the scissors to the coop with a long string to prevent people from wandering with them. Ahem.
Apple Cider Vinegar
This is one of those “can’t hurt, might help” situations. I’ve been unable to find any solid evidence that apple cider vinegar is the cure-all many claim. And yet, I do add it to my chickens’ water. Not regularly, but when remember to do it. My chickens are mostly healthy. I can’t say it’s the apple cider vinegar that keeps them so, but again — maybe it helps.
Hot tip: Choose apple cider vinegar with the “mother,” which includes proteins, enzymes, and good bacteria. This is what I use.
This is kind of a no-brainer, right? Zip ties (and let’s face it, duct tape) are a must for emergency repairs to chicken coops and yards. They’re good for fixing fencing, securing cage doors, or hanging items in the coop, even though you might not qualify them as “chicken supplies” immediately.
Hot tip: If you buy bales of straw for your garden or barn, be sure to hang on to that really strong baling twine and keep some of that in your coop, too.
Hints & Tips for Keeping Chickens in Your Backyard
- How to Grow Fodder for Chickens
- Make a Chicken Swing
- Feeding Chickens on a Budget
- Butchering Chickens
- Mistakes I Made in the Chicken Coop
- Put Your Backyard Chickens to Work in the Garden
- Grazing Boxes for Chickens
- Plant a Chicken Garden
- Do Your Hens Need Supplemental Light?
- Chicken Coop Supplies
- Controlling Mites
- Keeping Chickens Cool in Extreme Heat
- Build a Chicken Coop Extension from Pallets
Originally published July 2016; this post has been updated.
I’d love to hear more about this chicken fountain. Just starting with my 1st chickens ever, really enjoying them.
When you go to the chicken fountain link they say they haven’t manufactured them since 2018.
Thanks; I’ll see if I can find a different source.
Lou and I are in Florida by way of Oahu..although I am a Floridian.. we are building our coop and will be seeking out chickens shortly. I love all your great tips..could you share your favorite waterers and feeders as we are still deciding. Look forward to checking your sight for tips!
I covet one of those chicken fountains, but have yet to make one!
I keep blue lotion spray to disguise any blood spots or red skin from picking on eachother. It’s seems once red/ blood is seem they keep picking on that hen.
This has been very helpful. This is what i keep in my coop. I even have a special shelf for it all.
Mite and lice dust
Dog fea wash. (It works wonders)
And vaseline, very handy for dry skin.
And also i will now keep trash bags and get a special set of dust pan and brush to keep in the coop as well as making some of this diy citrus coop spray that a keep seeing everywhere!
We are in the planning phase of our chicken coop. These are some excellent tips. Thanks!
I keep plastic bags and glives for cleaning poop where chickens sleep on their roost at nite. I have rubber mats Under roost to catch poo, plan to get trays to use with cat litter to scoop, which will be better!
I keep plastic store bags and box of glove to clean poop in my coop every morning!
I don’t think I’ve ever heard of anyone cleaning their coop every morning. You’ve outdone me, that’s for sure!
I clean mine every night with a kitty litter scoop
I use a kitty scoop and keep a muck bucket outside my coop door. I have sand under my roosting bar and scoop in the AM. When bucket gets full I just dump it onto my compost pile.
I keep all the supplies you’ve mentioned also. But I also keep my cleaning bucket with my rubber gloves, litter scoop (I have a sand box below their roost) my spray bottle of fly spray, a spray bottle of citrus vinegar and my scrub brush. My girls greet me every morning for a treat while I clean their coop and refresh their nesting boxes.
Might I ask what you use the fly spray on and the citrus vinegar. I’m a newbie Chicken owner and want to keep the coop clean!
So do I
As I use the deep litter method in my coop I can never use Diatomaceous earth as a lice/mite control. But what I do use is wood ash. Sprinkle wood ash in the bedding and in the litter in the coop and boxes and it kills any lice or mites. As I have a wood burning fire in my living room wood ash is free!
I love the Tasty Grubs from the people at Tasty Worms. They have calcium and protein and made in the usa.